Video games can be categorized in to different genres. It is very common that a single game be categorized into one or more genres; also, several genres overlap each other. Video games has substantially evolved in time and so have their genres. This articles lists several prevalent genres are listed here.
Adventure games include saga, quest, story, and hero. They can be a text-based or with extensive graphics. Other elements of these games include puzzle solving and interaction with others.
These are superset of fast paced real-time games often involve combat and other forms of movement. The sub-genres of the action games are platform, fighting, and shooter games.
A platform game consist of main character running, jumping, climbing, etc. on a platform or obstacles. Platform games sometimes include elements from other game genres such as fighting and shooting. Popular platform games includes Super Mario Bors., Sonic the Hedgehog, Wonderboy, and Donkey Kong.
Fighting games involved one to one combat between two characters. One of the characters can be a computer players. Games like Sega’s Heavyweight Boxing, and Street Fighter II can be characterized as fighting games. Games usually involve fighting with martial arts, swordplay, and boxing.
One of the most popular genre, Shooter games, involves fighting with weapons such as guns and missiles. Shooter games can be dived into two sub-genres: First-person Shooter (FPS), and Third-Person Shooter (TPS or 3PS).
You play a character in first-person shooter games. Players emphasize on shooting and aiming accurately. Players are usually behind the eye of the main character giving the players a feeling of ‘being there’ in the moment of the game. These are usually fast-paced game, with high thrill and difficulty levels. There is a long list of games in this genre: Team Forstress, Helo, Killzone, Metroid, Unreal Tournament, Call of Duty, Half-life, and (my personal favorite) Counter-Strike.
Players shoot and combat from a camera perspective. This gives players a better view of the world, since player is seen at a distance in the screen.
Action-adventure games combine elements of action and adventure games. There is some long term goals involved in an adventure games, with obstacles on the path which involve elements of action games.
Real time Strategy (RTS)
RTS games are continuous play games which requires players to collect resources and control things. Usually, the players are god-like and control theirs units and compete with opponents for land and resources. Games in RTS genre include Age of Empires, Sid Meier’s Civilizations, and Caesar.
Players play in turns. Examples of turn based games are Chess and Checkers. Several RTS games are also turn-based.
Role-Playing Games (RPG)
In role playing games, players plays roles of various characters in a virtual world. Players explores more than one areas of the environment advancing in the game play. A classic role playing game is Dungeons and Dragons.
Massively Multi-player Online(MMO)
As the name suggest this is a genre of games which involve thousands of players simultaneously playing an online game.
These games focus on precession, and sneaky action to goals. These games can be coupled with FPS, Role Playing, and other genres of games. Contrary to these genres, stealth games requires more focused actions and accuracy in achieving goals. Hitman series are one of the most popular stealth genre games.
These are action games with horror elements. Logic similar to horror movies in applies in games.
Simulating a system such as physical systems, physics, economics simulation, military, vehicular simulator, goad games, government policies, politics, sports and racing. These games are designed to make simulation as close to real world as possible.
These are the classic racing games involves variety of vehicles such as cars, plan, go-carts, etc.
Rhythm or Music Games
Players are requires to move or synchronize their action with a rhythm or music. Goal of such games in to make players move or exercise.
These type of games are designed for serious purpose such as training, education health or simulation of a real world occurrence.
Classic or Traditional Games
Various traditional games such as card games, board game or gambling games are included in this genre.
Various puzzle games, include crossword, Tetris, and Soduku, involves .logic and strategy in playing.
Games in this genre is targated at mas audiences, are are easy to learn. Games usually have short burst of time doesn’t require large commitment. These games are often associated with mobile device.
These games are designed specifically for educating children or adults, with fun involved in learnings.